At Gascoigne Primary School scientific enquiry skills are embedded in each topic the children study and these topics are revisited and developed throughout their time at school. This model allows children to build upon their prior knowledge and increases their enthusiasm for the topics whilst embedding this procedural knowledge into the long-term memory.
The staff at Gascoigne have agreed the following:
Science is going well when……………
Science at Foundation Stage is introduced indirectly through activities that encourage your child to explore, problem solve, observe, predict, think, make decisions and talk about the world around them. It is called ‘knowledge and understanding of the world’.
Children explore creatures, people, plants and objects in their natural environments. They observe and manipulate objects and materials in order to identify similarities and differences. For example, they may look at an egg whisk, sand, paper and water to learn about things that are natural and manmade and their different functions. Children also learn to use their senses through, for example, feeling dough or listening to a variety of different sounds in the environment.
Children, in school, are always encouraged to ask questions about why things happen and how something works. Through their own physical development, children also learn to recognise the effects that exercise has on the body. Children also learn about the importance of keeping themselves healthy through other activities such as cooking. Through their creative development, children are also able to explore shape, texture, colour and space.
KEY STAGE 1
During Years 1 and 2, pupils are taught to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills through the teaching of the programme of study content:
asking simple questions and recognizing that they can be answered in different ways
observing closely, using simple equipment
performing simple tests
identifying and classifying
using their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions
gathering and recording data to help in answering questions
Under the new 2014 National Curriculum, children in Year 1 learn about:
Plants-identifying, naming and looking at their basic structure
Animals, including humans-identifying and naming a range of animals and understanding how and why they are grouped (eg mammals, amphibians, birds etc)
Everyday materials-looking at their properties
Seasonal changes-observing changes across the four seasons and looking at different types of weather
In Year 2, children are taught about:
Living things and their habitats-including dependence within habitats and micro-habitats
Plants-observing how seeds and bulbs grow into plants and what plants need to stay healthy
Animals including humans-focusing on reproduction, nutrition and exercise
Everyday materials-comparing their uses and looking at how they can be changed by exerting force.
LOWER KEY STAGE 2
The principal focus of Science teaching in lower Key Stage 2 is to enable pupils to broaden their scientific view of the world around them Pupils should read and spell scientific vocabulary correctly and with confidence, using their growing word reading and spelling knowledge.
Years 3 and 4
During Years 3 and 4, children are taught to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills through the teaching of the programme of study content:
asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them
setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests
making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate , taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers
gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions
recording findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts and tables
reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions
identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes
using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions
using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings
In Year 3, children are taught about:
Plants-including parts of plants, their needs and the life cycle.
Animals, including humans-focusing on nutrition, skeletons and muscles.
Rocks-including comparing rocks, looking at fossils and understanding how soil is made.
Light-looking at how light is reflected, how shadows are formed and can change.
Forces and magnets-focusing on attraction and repulsion of magnets, magnetic materials and the two poles of a magnet.
In Year 4, children are taught about:
Living things and their habitats-including classifying living things and looking at changes to environments.
Animals, including humans-focusing on eating: teeth, the digestive system and food chains.
States of matter-including grouping materials, changing state, evaporation and condensation.
Sound-looking at the creation of sound through vibration and changes in pitch and volume.
Electricity-including constructing a circuit and understanding conductors and insulators.
UPPER KEY STAGE 2
The principal focus of Science in Upper Key Stage 2 is to enable pupils to develop a deeper understanding of a wide range of scientific ideas. Pupils also encounter more abstract ideas and begin to recognise how these ideas help them to understand and predict how the world operates. Pupils should read, spell and pronounce scientific vocabulary correctly.
Years 5 and 6
During Years 5 and 6, pupils are taught to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills throughout the teaching of the programme of study content:
Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary
Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate
Recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs
Using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests
Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations
Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments
In Year 5, children are taught about:
Living things and their habitats-including the life cycles of a mammal, amphibian, insect and bird.
Animals, including humans-focusing on changes from birth to old age.
Properties and changes of materials-including dissolving, separating and reversible changes.
Earth and Space- looking at the movement of the sun, earth and moon.
Forces-including gravity, air resistance, water resistance and friction.
In Year 6, children are taught about:
Living things and their habitats-including classifying micro-organisms, plants and animals.
Animals, including humans-focusing mainly on diet and exercise.
Evolution and inheritance-looking at fossils, reproduction and adaptation.
Light-looking closely at how it travels and how shadows are made.
Electricity-analysing the function of lamps, buzzers, cells and switches.
Weekly SATS revision.
Please see below individual grids for each Year Group which provide you with information regarding pupils' Key Learning across an academic year from the beginning of Key Stage 1 to the end of Key Stage 2.
In January 2017 Reception children went to The Science Museum to find out more about our topic on Reflection. We visited the Pattern Pod and Garden. We explored a range of patterns such as visual, sound, time, movement and texture. In the Garden we investigated floating, sinking, shadows and reflections.
We had lots of fun, it was a fantastic day!
BRITISH SCIENCE WEEK 2017
All classes, from Nursery/ Reception to Year 6 took part in British Science Week this year. Teachers planned a wide range of activities across the week and included at least one Food Technology lesson.
Below are a range of resources used over the course of the
week which supported teachers in their planning. There are many activities which can be completed at home, providing fun and excitement and cost very little. Take a browse through the different activity packs and team up with your child/ children to develop their scientific knowledge, curiosity and understanding.
Pupils observed changes to Mrs Nicklin's flowering plant during Science Week.