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Lesson Objective: To describe human and physical features of Wales. 


Success Criteria:

  • I can identify human and physical features  

  • I can research the famous human and physical features of Wales. 

  • I can write and read about the famous human and physical features of Wales. 


Key Vocabulary

Physical features would be here even if there were no people around. For example, seas, rivers and mountains.   

Human features are things that have been built by people. For example, houses, roads and bridges.   

Flags are used as symbols of a country or organization.  

Capital city – A capital is a city where a region's government is located. This is where government buildings are and where government leaders work.  

Cardiff– Capital city of Wales.  

Valley – a long area of low land between mountains or hills. A stream or river often runs through a valley.  

Lighthouse– a tower with a flashing light for guiding ships and warning them of dangers in the water  

Castle – a large, strong building where a noble lived with his family and servants. Many castles were built long ago to defend the people inside against attacks. 

Advert - sell/praise a thing or place by making it sound interesting. 




Watch this video to recap the capital cities of The United Kingdom and their most famous physical and human features.

1. Recap what human and physical features mean. 


2. Follow the slides to learn about some of the physical and human features of Wales. 


Task 1

Research (find out) 2 physical features of Wales.  

Research (find out) 2 human features of Wales.  

Use this website:  


Write what you are going to say in your advert. This is known as your script.   


‘Visit Wales! Wales is in the United Kingdom. The capital of Wales is Cardiff.  In Wales people speak both English and Welsh. Wales is gorgeous! If you visit Wales you will see the beautiful valleys. There are lots of castles in Wales. The castles are very old. You can see the tall lighthouses and the long coast in Wales. So, visit and see Wales for yourself.’    


In your script include the names and descriptions of the physical and human features of Wales.  


*Remember we use adjectives to describe. 


Task 2

Read your script and record it. 


Advert – sell/praise a thing or place by making it sound interesting.  

Keep your advert short, 1.30-2.00 minutes. 

Listen to my advert to get an idea on how to use your voice to ‘sell’ Wales. 


In your advert include:  

*Country name  

*Capital city 

*Languages spoken 

*Name and description of 2 physical features    

*Name and description of 2 natural features