What is P4C?
P4C is a way of developing children's ability to become better thinkers, but at the same time has a profound ability to make children more co-operative, creative, tolerant and respectful of differing viewpoints. It allows the children to challenge, question and alter their opinions and ideas as a result of high order thinking and reasoning. Children who are regularly engaging in P4C tend to think more deeply about a range of ethical/moral and environmental issues and consequently live better lives as a result.
What does P4C look like in the classroom?
The children are given a stimulus, such as a picture, book, short video clip, poem, piece of music, which is used to generate some discussion that helps the children form questions that they would like to use as a basis for a community of enquiry. The children then vote on a question posed by their peers and the enquiry begins. The teacher, rather than be the 'sage on stage' becomes the 'guide on the side' and facilitates a discussion which helps the children to explore and deepen their thinking in response to the question raised.
A community of enquiry is organised as a circle, which gives each participant equal status to contribute their thinking and ideas. The following ground rules are set:
-Listen to the speaker
-Respect others' views
-Build onto others' ideas
-Be prepared to think
-There is no right or wrong answer
*Video clips of Gascoigne children undertaking a community of enquiry
*Written philosophical work based on a stimulus provided
These photos show our children taking part in P4C enquiries. The children are always very mature in their approach; they develop their own opinions and ideas, analyse significant concepts and apply the best reasoning and judgement that they can to a stimulus.
Take a look at some of the questions discussed!
Take a look at our written work produced from a P4C stimulus...